Музей истории города Чирчик

A spinning wheel used by the local people in the Chirchik Valley to spin yarn by hand. Craft product. The accession number from the museum fund is specified in auxiliary inventory numbers CHSHTMKK6-2311, VI-1-46. The period is the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Size: 55 x 42 cm.


A spinning wheel is an ancient tool used for spinning yarn by hand. It mainly contains cotton, wool, etc. fibers are spun. Its appearance is in the form of a wheel (drum) turned by a handle. Growing cotton and spinning yarn was known in Central Asia as early as the beginning of Christ. Cotton and wool fibers were first used to spin yarn, and then, after improving it, a spinning wheel was made. 18-a. After the introduction of machine spinning, the need for the spinning wheel decreased, but it is still used in some remote areas.

Spinning is a process of making threads of various thicknesses and physical properties from fibrous plants (jute, flax, hemp, cotton), wool and silk fibers, chemical fibers. Spinning is done manually and by machines. Spinning by hand is known from the late Neolithic period. Later, it spread widely among almost all peoples of the world. Spinning from cotton fiber was first known in India. In Central Asia, the cultivation of cotton, the spinning of yarn, and the weaving of gauze were an art from the beginning of Christ. The simplest method of hand-spinning was to make a skein of fiber with the fingers and gradually thin it between the palms while holding it in a hanging position. Later, the double-pointed bobbin appeared, and threading became much easier.

In Uzbekistan, the ancient Urchu was much improved and a wheel was made. The wheel of such a wheel was turned by hand, so that its wheel was turned from side to side by means of a pulley. Gradually the wheel was improved. Fibers were first combed and flattened on wooden combs to spin yarn on a spinning wheel. From the fibers prepared for spinning, pils were made, and threads of almost the same thickness were woven from them. Hand spinning is still used in some places.

K. A. Tuychiboev, chief curator of Chirchik city history museum